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June 1, 1926
–Actress, Marilyn Monroe, is born Norma Jean Baker in Los Angeles, California. Her mother was committed to a state mental hospital when she was very young, leaving Norma Jean to spend several years in foster homes and in an orphanage. As a young woman, she posed nude for a calendar photograph, which ended up on the cover of the first Playboy magazine. When she signed a contract with 20th Century Fox, she took the name Marilyn Monroe. She is haled as the biggest sex symbol of all time, but she was also a fine actress. She appeared in the films The Asphalt Jungle, All About Eve, Don’t Bother to Knock, Monkey Business, Niagra, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, How to Marry a Millionaire, River of No Return, There’s No Business Like Show Business, The Seven Year Itch, Bus Stop, The Prince and the Showgirl, Some Like It Hot, Let’s Make Love, and The Misfits. She was married to baseball player, Joe DiMagio, and writer, Arthur Miller.
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June 2, 1928–Velveeta Cheese is formulated. It was invented in 1918 by Emil Frey of the Monroe Cheese Company in Monroe, New York. In 1923, The Velveeta Cheese Company was incorporated as a separate company, and was sold to Kraft Foods in 1927. The product was advertised at the time as a nutritious health food. According to Kraft's website, in the 1930s, Velveeta became the first cheese product to gain the American Medical Association's seal of approval. It was reformulated in 1953, as a cheese spread. Velveeta is labeled in the United States as a "Pasteurized Recipe Cheese Product." One use for Velveeta is as the base in queso dip. Other uses for Velveeta include grilled cheese sandwiches and macaroni and cheese sauce (such as in Velveeta Shells & Cheese). Velveeta is currently sold in the United States, Canada, Panama, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and South Korea. In the 1930s and 1940s, it was sold in the United Kingdom and in Germany as "Velveta."
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June 3, 1936–Novelist, Larry (Jeff) McMurtry, is born in Archer City, Texas. McMurtry won the Pulitzer Prize in 1986, for his novel Lonesome Dove. He also wrote The Last Picture Show, Horseman, Pass By (which later became the film, Hud, starring Paul Newman), and Terms of Endearment. He also co-wrote the adapted screenplay for Brokeback Mountain. While at Stanford University, he became a rare-book scout. In 1988, he opened his book store, Booked Up, in Archer City, which is one of the largest single used bookstores in the United States, carrying somewhere between 400,000 and 450,000 titles. Citing economic pressures from Internet bookselling, McMurtry came close to shutting down the store in 2005, but chose to keep it open after an outpouring of public support. However, in early 2012, the decision was finally made to downsize and sell off the greater portion of his inventory. An auction was conducted on August 10th and 11th, and was overseen by Addison & Sarova Auctioneers of Macon, Georgia. The books that were sold were those being stored in Buildings 2, 3, and 4; with Building 1 remaining open with books for sale to the general public for the foreseeable future. This epic book auction sold books by the shelf, and was billed as "The Last Booksale," in keeping with the title of McMurtry's award-winning novel The Last Picture Show. Dealers, collectors, and gawkers came out en masse from all corners of the country to witness the historic auction.
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June 4, 1070–Roquefort cheese is created in a cave near Roquefort, France. It is a sheep milk blue cheese from the south of France, and together with Bleu d'Auvergne, Stilton, and Gorgonzola it is one of the world's best known blue cheeses. Although similar cheeses are produced elsewhere, EU law dictates that only those cheeses aged in the natural Combalou caves of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon may bear the name Roquefort, as it is a recognised geographical indication, or has a protected designation of origin. The cheese is white, tangy, crumbly, and slightly moist, with distinctive veins of blue mold. It has a characteristic odor and flavor with a notable taste of butyric acid and the blue veins provide a sharp tang. It has no rind and the exterior is edible and slightly salty. A typical wheel of Roquefort weighs between 5.5 and 6.6 pounds and is about four inches thick. Roquefort is known in France as the “king of cheeses.”
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June 5, 1993–Rock-a-billy pioneer and country music legend, Conway Twitty (Harold Lloyd Jenkins), dies of an abdominal aneurysm in Branson, Missouri, at age 59. He scored 39 #1 Billboard country hits (including four duets with Loretta Lynn), among them, Hello Darlin' and You've Never Been This Far Before. His earlier rock and roll hits included It’s Only Make Believe and Lonely Blue Boy. Although he was never a member of the Grand Ole Opry, he was inducted into both the Country Music and Rockabilly Halls of Fame. Accounts vary as to how Harold Jenkins acquired his stage name of Conway Twitty. Allegedly, in 1957, Jenkins decided that his real name was not memorable enough and sought a better show business name. In The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, Fred Bronson states that the singer was looking at a road map when he spotted Conway, Arkansas, and Twitty, Texas, and put them together as the name Conway Twitty.
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June 6, 1933–The first drive-in movie theater opens on Admiral Wilson Boulevard in Pennsauken Township, a short distance from Cooper River Park in Camden, New Jersey. It has nine rows of parking on 10 acres, and the grounds could accommodate 400 cars. The drive-in theater was patented by chemical company magnate, Richard M. Hollingshead, Jr., whose family owned and operated the R.M. Hollingshead Corporation chemical plant in Camden. A drive-in theater is a form of cinema structure consisting of a large outdoor movie screen, a projection booth, a concession stand and a large parking area for automobiles. Within this enclosed area, customers can view movies from the privacy and comfort of their cars. Some drive-ins have small playgrounds for children and a few picnic tables or benches. The screen is as simple as a wall that is painted white, or it can be a steel truss structure with a complex finish. Originally, a movie's sound was provided by speakers on the screen and later by an individual speaker hung from the window of each car, which would be attached by a wire. The drive-in's peak popularity came in the late 1950s and early 1960s, particularly in rural areas, with 4,000 drive-ins spread across the United States.
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June 7, 1958–Rock singer, Prince, is born Prince Rogers Nelson, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. A major figure in popular music for over three decades, Prince is renowned as an innovator and is widely known for his eclectic work, flamboyant stage presence, and wide vocal range. He has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. His biggest hits were Little Red Corvette, 1999, Purple Rain, When Doves Cry, Raspberry Beret, and Kiss. He also starred in the movies Purple Rain, Under the Cherry Moon, Sign o’ the Times, and Graffiti Bridge.
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June 8, 2004–The first Venus transit in modern history takes place. The event received significant attention, since it was the first Venus transit after the invention of broadcast media. No human alive at the time had witnessed a previous Venus transit since that one occurred on December 6, 1882. The entire transit was visible from Europe, most of Asia, and almost all of Africa. The beginning was visible before sunset from eastern-most Asia and Australia. The end was visible after sunrise from the western-most fringe of Africa, eastern North America, and much of South America. The transit was not visible at all from western North America, southern South America, Hawaii, or New Zealand.
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June 9, 1891–Songwriter, Cole (Albert) Porter, is born in Peru, Indiana. He learned to play the piano at the age of eight, went off to Yale University where he composed football songs, and then wrote both music and lyrics for musicals. His 1934 show Anything Goes, included the song I Get a Kick Out of You. Porter also wrote such songs as Night and Day, Begin the Beguine, You’re the Top, Just One of Those Things, It’s De-Lovely, What Is This Thing Called Love, You’d Be So Easy to Love, In the Still of the Night, Love for Sale, You Do Something to Me, I've Got You Under My Skin, True Love, and Friendship. Porter also composed the cowboy song Don't Fence Me In, but it did not become a hit until Roy Rogers sang it in the 1944 film Hollywood Canteen.
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June 10, 1922–Entertainer, Judy Garland, is born Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. She and her sisters changed their stage name to Garland, and she took her new first name from the Hoagy Carmichael song Judy. Described by Fred Astaire as "the greatest entertainer who ever lived," and renowned for her unique voice, she attained international stardom throughout a career which spanned more than 40 years. She appeared in the films Pigskin Parade, Love Finds Andy Hardy, The Wizard of Oz, Babes in Arms, Strike Up the Band, Little Nellie Kelly, Ziegfeld Girl, For Me and My Gal, Presenting Lily Mars, Girl Crazy, Meet Me in St. Louis, The Clock, The Harvey Girls, Till the Clouds Roll By, The Priate, Easter Parade, Words and Music, In the Good Old Summertime, Summer Stock, A Star Is Born, Judgment at Nuremberg, A Child Is Waiting, and I Could Go on Singing. Her best known songs include Swanee, Over the Rainbow, It’s a Great Day, The Trolley Song, The Boy Next Door, Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas, On the Archison, Topeka, and the Santa Fe, and The Man That Got Away. She was married to film director, Vincent Minelli. Her daughters are actress, Liza Minelli and Lorna Luft.
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June 11, BC 323–Macedonian King, Alexander the Great dies in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon, Mesopotamia, at age 32. Mystery surrounds the cause of his death: everyting from malaria, typhoid fever, bowel perforation, acute pancreatitis, and meningitis to poisoning by any number of offenders. Alexander spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, until by the age of 30, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt and into northwest India. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history's most successful military commanders.
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June 12, 1929–Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt, Weimar Germany. As a young girl, she fled to Holland with her family as Adolf Hitler came into power in 1933. They settled in Amsterdam, but after the Nazis stormed Holland, and began deporting Dutch Jews to the concentration camps in July of 1942, Anne and her family went into hiding in an annex behind the offices on Prinsengracht Canal, where her father had a warehouse. They stayed there for two years, and nearly every day Anne wrote in the diary that her parents had given her on her 13th birthday. Her last entry was August 1, 1944, and three days later the annex was raided, and Anne and her family were sent to the Bergen Belsen camp near Hannover, Germany. The diary was published in Dutch in 1947 as The House Behind, and in English in 1953 as The Diary of a Young Girl.
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June 13, 1935–In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, the 10 to 1 underdog, James J. Braddock, defeats Max Baer in Long Island City, New York, to become the Heavyweight Boxing Champion of the world. Braddock was known for his spoiling, counter punching style, powerful right hand, and his iron chin. He had lost several bouts due to chronic hand injuries and was forced to work on the docks and collect social assistance to feed his family during the Great Depression. Braddock’s story is told in the film Cinderella Man.
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June 14, 1946–Donald (John) Trump, 45th President of the United States, is born in Queens, New York. For 45 years, he managed The Trump Organization, the real estate development firm founded by his paternal grandmother. His career focused on building or renovating office towers, hotels, casinos, and golf courses. He started several side ventures and branded various products with his name. He produced and hosted The Apprentice reality TV series for 12 years. As of 2017, he was the 544th richest person in the world with an estimated net worth of $3.5 billion. Trump had long expressed interest in politics. He entered the 2016 presidential race as a Republican and defeated sixteen opponents in the primaries. Commentators described his political positions as populist, protectionist, and nationalist, and his campaign received extensive free media coverage. Trump won the general election on November 8, 2016, in a surprise victory against Democratic candidate, Hillary Clinton. He became the oldest and wealthiest person ever to assume the presidency, and the first without prior military or government service. He was married to Ivana Zelnickova, Marla Maples, and Melania Knauss. His children are Donald, Jr., Ivanka, Eric, Tiffany, and Barron Trump.
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June 15, 1752–Benjamin Franklin carries out his famous experiment using a kite to prove that lightning is electricity. Franklin may possibly have conducted his well-known experiment in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, successfully extracting sparks from a cloud. Franklin was careful to stand on an insulator, keeping dry under a roof to avoid the danger of electric shock. In his writings, he indicates that he was aware of the dangers and offered alternative ways to demonstrate that lightning was electrical, as shown by his use of the concept of electrical ground. Franklin's electrical experiments led to his invention of the lightning rod. In recognition of his work with electricity, Franklin received the Royal Society's Copley Medal in 1753, and in 1756, he became one of the few 18th-century Americans elected as a Fellow of the Society. The cgs unit of electric charge has been named after him: one franklin (Fr) is equal to one statcoulomb.
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June 16, 1960–Alfred Hitchcock's first horror movie, Psycho, premieres in New York. The cast includes Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh, Vera Miles, John Gavin, Martin Balsam, John McIntire, and Pat Hitchcock. Based on Robert Bloch's 1959 novel of the same name, Psycho is ften ranked among the greatest films of all time. When originally made, Psycho was seen as a departure from Hitchcock's previous film, North by Northwest, having been filmed in black and white on a low budget with a television crew. The film initially received mixed reviews, but outstanding box office returns prompted reconsideration, which led to overwhelming critical acclaim. The success of Psycho jump-started Anthony Perkins' career, but he soon began to suffer from typecasting. When asked whether he would have still taken the role knowing that he would be typecast afterwards, he replied with a definite "yes." The original Bates Motel and Bates house set buildings are still standing at Universal Studios in Universal City near Hollywood, California, and are a regular attraction on the studio's tour. Alfred Hitchcock's cameo is a signature occurrence in most of his films. In Psycho, he can be seen through a window (wearing a Stetson hat) standing outside Marion Crane's office.
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June 17, 1907–Designer and architect, Charles Eames, is born Charles Ormond Eames, Jr. in St. Louis, Missouri. He worked with his wife, Ray Kaiser Eames, in creating iconic modern furniture designs of molded wood and plastic. The design office of Charles and Ray Eames functioned for more than four decades (1943-1988) in the former Bay Cities Garage on Washington Boulevard in Venice, California. The name Eames is synonymous with what is now considered mid-20th century “retro” style.
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June 18, 1942–Musician, (James) Paul McCartney, of The Beatles, is born at Walton Hospital, Liverpool, England. In the early days of Beatlemania, he was nicknamed “The Cute One.” Officially the “second Beatle,” he was the band’s bass guitarist and main songwriter for the group with his partner, John Lennon. When The Beatles broke up in 1970, McCartney started a new band, with his wife Linda, called Wings. Into the 21st century, Paul McCartney has continued to tour the world with live concerts, as well as recording new albums for his bastion of multi-generation fans. McCartney’s songs (with The Beatles and solo) include Yesterday, For No One, Hey Jude, When I’m 64, Fixing a Hole, Blackbird, Oh, Darling, Let It Be, The Long and Winding Road, Maybe I’m Amazed, My Love, Silly Love Songs, Band on the Run, and Coming Up. As one of The Beatles and a solo artist, McCartney is considered one of the most renowned musicians, singers, and performers of all time. His brother is photographer, Mike McCartney.
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June 19, 1566–King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-1625), is born James Stuart at Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union. At 57 years and 246 days, James's reign in Scotland was longer than those of any of his predecessors. He achieved most of his aims in Scotland, but faced great difficulties in England, having repeated conflicts with the English Parliament. Under James, the "Golden Age" of Elizabethan literature and drama continued, with writers such as William Shakespeare, John Donne, Ben Jonson, and Sir Francis Bacon contributing to a flourishing literary culture. James sponsored the translation of the Bible that was named after him: the Authorised King James Version.
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June 20, 1942–Songwriter, singer, and musician, Brian (Douglas) Wilson, is born in Hawthorne, California. He and his brothers, Dennis and Carl Wilson, formed The Beach Boys with cousin, Mike Love, and friend, Al Jardine. After signing with Capitol Records in 1962, Wilson wrote or co-wrote more than two dozen “Top 40” hits for the group. He is the first pop artist to write, arrange, produce, and perform his own material. Because of his unorthodox approaches to song composition and arrangement, and mastery of recording techniques, he is widely acknowledged, by critics and musicians alike, as one of the most innovative and influential creative forces in popular music. The Beach Boys created the California sound now known as “surf music,” with such hits as Surfin' Safari, Surfer Girl, Little Deuce Coup, In My Room, I Get Around, and California Girls. Brian gave up touring in 1965, due to nervous exhaustion, but continued on as the group's writer-producer. He had a solo single in 1966, Caroline No, which also appeared on his masterwork album Pet Sounds. Later, he worked as a solo artist, and into the 21st century, Brian Wilson has continued to tour around the world and produce new recordings for his multi-generational fan base. He is one of the most respected artists in pop music history. His daughters are pop singers, Carnie Wilson and Wendy Wilson.
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June 21, 1791–King Louis XVI of France, his wife, Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family begin the “Flight to Varennes” during the French Revolution. It was an unsuccessful attempt to escape from Paris, in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head of loyal troops under royalist officers. They only got as far as the small town of Varennes, where they were arrested after having been recognized at their previous stop in Sainte-Menehould. The incident was a turning point after which popular hostility towards the French monarchy as an institution, as well as towards the king and queen as individuals, became much more pronounced. The king's attempted flight provoked the charges of treason which ultimately led to his execution in 1793.
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June 22, 1847–The ring-shaped doughnut is created by Hanson Gregory, aboard a lime-trading ship when he was 16 years old. The doughnut is a type of fried dough confectionery or dessert food. Doughnuts are usually deep fried from a flour dough, and typically either ring-shaped or without a hole, and often filled. Other types of batters can also be used, and various toppings and flavorings are used for different types, such as sugar, chocolate, or maple glazing. In addition to flour, doughnuts may also include such ingredients as water, leavening, eggs, milk, sugar, oil, shortening, natural flavors, or artificial flavors. Doughnut holes are small, bite-sized doughnuts that were traditionally made from the dough taken from the center of ring doughnuts. The doughnut is popular in many countries and prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty outlets. “Doughnut” is the more traditional spelling, and still dominates outside the U.S. At present, “doughnut” and the shortened form “donut” are both pervasive in American English. According to John T. Edge, the alternative spelling "donut" was invented when the New York-based Display Doughnut Machine Corporation abbreviated the word to make it more pronounceable by the foreigners they hoped would buy their automated doughnut making equipment.
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June 23, 1971–At his Tittenhurst Park recording studio in Ascot, England, John Lennon begins recording tracks for his next album Imagine. This, as with most of John and Yoko’s activities during the 1970s, is captured on 16mm color film. A documentary on the making of the Imagine album, called Working Class Hero, is proposed but never released. However, some of the footage is used in the 1988 documentary film Imagine: John Lennon. It wouldn’t be until 2000, that more of the footage would be released as a new documentary video called Gimme Some Truth. This period of recording also produces tracks for Yoko’s album Fly. To promote both the Imagine and Fly albums, John and Yoko produce, from 40,000 feet of film, a 70-minute film entitled Imagine, which features songs from both albums on its soundtrack.
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June 24, 1947–The first widely reported sighting of "flying saucers" is made over the Cascades, near Mt. Rainier, Washington, by pilot Ken Arnold. He claims that he saw a string of nine, shiny unidentified flying objects zooming past Mount Rainier at speeds that Arnold estimated at a minimum of 1,200 mph. Arnold described them as a series of objects with convex shapes, though he later revealed that one object differed by being crescent-shaped. Several years later, Arnold would state he likened their movement to saucers skipping on water, without comparing their actual shapes to saucers, but initial quotes from him do have him comparing the shape to like a "saucer," "disc," "pie pan," "half moon," or generally convex and thin. This sets off a national fixation with unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Arnold's description of the objects also led to the press quickly coining the terms flying saucer and flying disc as popular descriptive terms for UFOs.
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June 25, 1852–Architect, Antoni Gaudi, is born in Reus, Catalan, Spain. Gaudi's passionate, organic style would ultimately transcend the Modernista movement of the time. He became well known for his integration of ceramics and stained glass into his architectural designs, and his use of waste ceramic pieces, now known as trencadis. His masterpiece, the incomplete Sagrada Família, is the most-visited monument in Spain, and seven of his works have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Gaudi was a devout Roman Catholic, whose faith increased over his lifetime. In his works are found many religious references. This, as well as the stunning beauty of his works, earned him the moniker "God's Architect" and calls for his beatification.
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June 26, 1977–Elvis Presley performs what would be his last concert, at the Market Square Arena in Indianapolis, Indiana, for a crowd of 18,000. Although Elvis appears pale, weak, and overweight, as he has for some time, there is nothing to suggest his impending death. The last song he performs is Can't Help Falling in Love. Footage of the final concert is taken, but has not been widely seen since, although the audio portion can be heard on the LP, The Last Farewell (later released on CD as Adios: The Final Performance).
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June 27, 1985–The legendary highway, Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago, Illinois, to Santa Monica, California, passes into history as officials decertify the road. U.S. Route 66, also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America, or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways within the U.S. Highway System. US 66 was established on November 11, 1926, with road signs erected the following year. The highway, which became one of the most famous roads in America, originally ran from Chicago, Illinois, through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, before ending at Santa Monica, California, covering a total of 2,448 miles. Traffic grew on the highway because of the geography through which it passed. Much of the highway was essentially flat and this made the highway a popular truck route. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s, saw many farming families, mainly from Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, and Texas, heading west for agricultural jobs in California. The route passed through numerous small towns and, with the growing traffic on the highway, helped create the rise of mom-and-pop businesses, such as service stations, restaurants, and motor courts, all readily accessible to passing motorists. In the 1950s, Route 66 became the main highway for vacationers heading to Los Angeles, California. The road passed through the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, and near the Grand Canyon. Meteor Crater in Arizona was another popular stop. This sharp increase in tourism in turn gave rise to a burgeoning trade in all manner of roadside attractions, including teepee-shaped motels, frozen custard stands, Indian curio shops, and reptile farms. It was recognized in popular culture by both the hit song (Get Your Kicks on) Route 66 and the TV show Route 66 in the 1960s. After Route 66’s decertification, portions of the road that passed through Illinois, Missouri, New Mexico, and Arizona have been designated a National Scenic Byway of the name "Historic Route 66," which is returning to some maps. Several states have adopted significant bypassed sections of the former US 66 into the state road network as State Route 66.
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June 28, 1975–Rod Serling, screenwriter, playwright, television producer, dies in Rochester, New York, at age 50. He is best known for his involvement with the TV series The Twilight Zone. After five years and 156 episodes (92 written by Serling), he grew weary of the series. In 1964, he decided to not oppose its third and final cancellation. Serling was active in politics, both on and off the screen, and helped form television industry standards. He was known as the "angry young man" of Hollywood, clashing with television executives and sponsors over a wide range of issues including censorship, racism, and war.
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June 29, 2015–It is reported that around 30% of China's Ming-era Great Wall has disappeared over time, as adverse natural conditions and reckless human activities (the stealing of bricks to build houses) erode the UNESCO World Heritage site. In places it is so dilapidated that estimates of its total length vary from 5,600 to 13,000 miles, depending on whether missing sections are included. Construction first begun on the wall in the third century BC, but much of it was built in the Ming Dynasty of 1368-1644, including the much-visited sectors north of Beijing, China.
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June 30, 2014–Film director and actor, Paul Mazursky, dies of pulmonary cardiac arrest in Los Angeles, California, at age 84. Known for his dramatic comedies that often dealt with modern social issues, he was nominated for five Academy Awards: three times for Best Original Screenplay, once for Best Adapted Screenplay, and once for Best Picture for An Unmarried Woman (1978). As an actor, he appeared in the films Blackboard Jungle, I Love You Alice B. Toklas, The Other Side of the Wind, A Star Is Born, History of the World: Part I, Into the Night, Punchline, Carlito's Way, Love Affair, 2 Days in the Valley, Miami Rhapsody, Crazy in Alabama, and Why Do Fools Fall in Love. As a writer and/or director, his films include Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, Alex in Wonderland, Blume in Love, Harry and Tonto, Next Stop Greenwich Village, Willie & Phil, Tempest, Moscow on the Hudson, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Moon Over Parador, Scenes from a Mall, The Pickle, Faithful, and Coast to Coast.
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PHOTOS FROM TOP TO BOTTOM: Marilyn Monroe; a package of Velveeta; Larry McMurtry; Roquefort cheese; Conway Twitty; the first Drive-In theater; Prince; the Venus transit of June 8, 2004; Judy Garland; Alexander the Great; Anne Frank; Donald Trump; a key and kite depicting Benjamin Franklin's experiment with electricity; one of the sets for Alfred Hitchcock's film, Psycho; an Eames mid-20th century "retro" chair; Paul McCartney; King James VI of Scotland; Brian Wilson; King Louis XVI of France and his wife, Marie Antoinette, flee Paris; donuts; John Lennon recording his Imagine album; a UFO comic book; a building designed by Antoni Gaudi; Elvis Presley; a vintage postcard featuring Route 66; the Great Wall of China; and Paul Mazursky.